What is the effect of bacteria in hot tub?
Let’s look at the problem of bacteria’s effect in a hot tub, how they act and what is really happening.
So you have a hot tub filled with heated water to about 99F. Every time you enter your tub you are bringing bacteria and nutrition for bacteria in with you. Once in the water the bacteria will seek a substrate (structure) and adhere to it; they prefer to settle in the connecting piping and hoses of the hot tub. Consider that 99% of all bacteria are settled and fixed on a solid surface (substrate) and therefore do not remain free and swimming in the water where the sanitizer can destroy them. Once they adhere to a substrate they produce a slippery layer of mucus which consists mainly of polysaccharides (known as bio-film). The bacteria live in this slime layer or film, this film is their protective shelter. They adjust their environmental optimum needs like acidity and oxygen while their nutrition is absorbed through the mucus layer. This is the way bacteria colony grows. If this situation continues without mitigation the water becomes cloudy and smelling badly within a few weeks. Then it is also likely that anoxic pathogenic bacteria can develop in the deeper slime layer. Many of these bacteria are anoxic (function without the need for oxygen) and they have rather specific environmental needs which are present in the mucus layer also favored by the ‘innocent’ oxygen-using bacteria in the surface slime layer. Cleaning the hot tub shell and changing the water is insufficient, because the plumbing and hoses are still full of bacterial slime. Once the water is changed the start of bacterial growth will be even faster due to new oxygen from new water, it’s like feeding existing bacteria lunch. In brief, this is the situation of every hot tub after a few weeks even with the necessary sanitation procedures.
Existing sanitizers include the use of chlorine or bromine, in different chemical compounds, and other oxidizing substances are also used such as peroxides and oxygen activation compounds. The goal is simple; to break down the mucus layer and kill the bacteria. However, the sanitizing effect decreases quickly by the inability of the sanitizer to affect the slime layer of the bacteria forcing you to dose more and more and as you do the bacteria produces a thicker layer of mucus. It is also not easy for a enough chemicals to reach all the piping corners, bends / shut-off valves to prevent rapid re-growth of bacteria before their sanitizing power is gone.
A new and innovative method is the use of Hot Tub Serum®. This product is based on a medical grade biocide in which the crux of the formula. Simply explained, Hot Tub Serum® helps kill, remove and flush the bacterial film actively from its substrate. These “coagulates” are then transported to the filter and collected there. Now only a sanitizer is needed to oxidize the bacteria in the trapped mucus. Summarized, the use of only oxidants such as chlorine or bromine is not a total solution. The best solution is the use of the non-toxic Hot Tub Serum® as an additional aid to sanitizers.
In conclusion Hot Tub Serum® creates an environment in a hot tub that kills the bacteria that sticks to a substrate, thus depriving the bacteria its ability to create the protective slime layer. Hot Tub Serum ® assists in eliminating traces of E-coli, legionella and pseudonymous in the hot tub, at 2 or 3 ppm Chlorine and Bromine are ineffective to that type of bacteria